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Paper #1644

Gender and credit risk: a view from the loan officer's desk
Josť Garcia Montalvo i Marta Reynal-Querol
Març 2019
In this paper we analyze the effect of loan offcers' gender on the approval of loans and, in particular, on their subsequent performance. Using detailed bank information on a sample of close to half a million loans, we show that female loan offiers have, conditional on the risk score, around a 15% lower delinquency rate than that of male ocers. In addition to the original scoring of the loans, we also have the recommendation of the expert system. We nd that the risk profile of applicants screened by male and female loan ocers is very similar, but conditional on risk score, women follow the recommendations more often than men. Moreover, we nd evidence of gender bias in terms of a mistake-punishment trade-off, which could explain, at least in part, women's higher compliance with the recommendations. Indeed, there is a double standard in terms of the consequences for breaking the rules: errors, in the form of delinquent loans as a result of not following the recommendation of the system, are forgiven more often for male than for female loan offcers.
Paraules clau:
Credit risk, gender, delinquency, rule compliance
Codis JEL:
G21, J16
Àrea de Recerca:
Estadística, Econometria i Mètodes Quantitatius

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